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The Defence ministry of the self-claimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) reported 19 November that new ‘massive attacks’ took place against the Moroccan defence wall in the Western Sahara.

The Polisario Front indicated that ‘shelling’ targeted the areas of Al Farcia, Amgala, Haouza and Oum Dreyga.

According to the same source, these Sahrawi attacks caused important material damages to the Moroccan Kingdom.

This information has not been confirmed by the Moroccan authorities.

The Moroccan press indicated 19 November that the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces (FAR) were facing ‘provocations of the Polisario in several area east of the separation wall in the Sahara’. According to these informations, the FAR are inflicting ‘heavy losses to the separatists’.

The Moroccan press agency (MAP) reported that the Polisario was ‘ready to provoke at any time a large destabilization of peace and security in the region’ by attacking the FAR and the military observers of the MINURSO.

These information concerning resumption of combats could not be confirmed as both camps are relaying different informations in the respective media agencies.

Besides, in a communique published by the Royal Palace 19 November, the King Mohammed VI announced that Jordan will open a consulate in Laâyoune.

A total of 16 countries opened diplomatic representations in the Sahrawi cities of Dakhla and Laâyoune since the end of 2019. The Polisario qualifies the opening of consulates in the Sahara to be a ‘violation of the International Law and a breach to the legal status of Western Sahara as a non-autonomous territory’.

The United Nations (UN) confirmed that the exchange of fires between the separatists forces and the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces (FAR) during the night of 12 to 13 November in the area of Guergarat and has called to ‘self-control’. We remind you that the Front Polisario immediately declared the ‘state of war’ 13 November in reaction to a Moroccan military operation led in the border area to help the resumption of the traffic blocked by militiamen of the Polisario between Mauritania and Morocco (see our previous alerts).

In view of the latest statements and the volatile nature of the situation, the possibility that the tension could escalate should be expected in the coming days. Violence should not be ruled out. Please monitor the development of the situation.

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